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This past week, I’ve felt like a time warp has engulfed the
graphic design profession and sent it looping back to the 1990s.
In the early ’90s, graphic designers eschewed digital tools
(Oh the humanity! What about
typography?! Accurate color?! Won’t somebody please think of the letterpress?!)
and media as unholy incarnations of design.
It set AIGA back years, if not decades, while print designers bemoaned new
directions for their own skills and experience.
Many graphic designers had to be dragged kicking and
screaming toward the rapidly and obviously evolving present that, yes, saw opportunities
for everyone to be a “designer” (often with disastrous results—remember all
those PageMaker-generated, use-every-typeface-available brochures?) but also
saw the design profession widen in a wonderful way, bringing in fresh people,
ideas, techniques and design opportunities.
It happened again in the late ’90s, with the rise of
interaction design and new media (web, mobile, etc.) that offered even more
opportunities for designers to apply their skills, stretch their boundaries and
work on increasingly complex and interesting applications. More kicking. More
screaming. More moaning. And, it set AIGA back almost another decade.
Instead of AIGA also being the professional organization of interaction
design and design in interactive media, that role is now filled by IxDA. Anyone that has eyes open to
opportunities for professionals and graduates in design knows that there is a
nearly unlimited demand for interaction design (and related) jobs and something
close to a glut of graphic designers available and looking for work—especially
those who avoid digital media. The dilemma is exacerbated by websites and
services that offer logos for $50 and less (none of which are world-class, some
of which are good, most of which seem “good enough” to clients who do not know
what to expect). It’s no wonder that what members
of AIGA are asking for moves far beyond AIGA’s roots. That’s where they see
opportunities and ask for assistance, support and inspiration.
If you listen to the majority of AIGA members, they
appreciate the past and, at times, they like to learn from and celebrate it,
but what they want is information on how to be successful and relevant in their
work today. They’re also much less interested in the work of design heroes,
today’s or yesterday’s, for better or worse, and want to envision how they can thrive
in a very different market than this profession’s past. Today, there are an
astonishing number of places to see great work and many more competitions to
enter. However, there are still very few places to learn professional tools for
advancing our skills as designers who create not only beauty but also value in
the areas of sustainability, social justice, business and more.
AIGA was there first, of course, with the Advance for Design,
which turned into the AIGA
Experience Design group. But this initiative slowly died as those members
who wanted to move forward toward new directions lost patience with the endless
discussions about what it meant for current competitions, conferences,
sponsorship from paper companies and the rest of AIGA’s print design roots. The
same could be said for the AIGA Center for Brand Experience, an initiative that
was on the forefront but was superseded (and is now mostly owned) by the Design Management Institute
(and, good for them).
In 2003, Terry Irwin programmed AIGA’s annual conference around
the theme “The Power of Design.” It
was discounted by many of the old guard for being too “down” and devoid of
people showing “cool” work. Despite the fact that few people like to sit
through presentations where designers show their work while describing how
great it is to be them, this has been the mainstay of design conferences. The
sessions that make change, in our profession and ourselves, are sometimes not recognized
until years later. This was confirmed last year in Phoenix at “Pivot,” eight
years after “The Power of Design” conference in Vancouver.
Every theme that Terry foresaw was described again, but this
time there was interest and even appreciation and little, if any, blowback. OK,
there was some moaning about not seeing enough “work,” meaning “pretty design.”
Today, however, everyone is able to see that kind of portfolio work online and in
real time. With access to this work 24/7, what we want to hear about from
designers on stage is their process and approach. We don’t want them to merely
show examples of their work.
AIGA missed the boat to lead the digital,
experience and brand bandwagons, not because it didn’t see the potential but
because it was mired in endless hand-wringing by those members who felt the
most threatened by the new opportunities and interests.
What’s sad about this is that the old guard of AIGA has had a very limited
definition of design. They use the
term as if they own the whole thing—“we’re the
design organization”—but they only mean graphic
design. Design is much bigger than just graphic design. There are
information designers, industrial designers, interaction designers,
environmental designers, brand designers, and, further afield, fashion
designers, interior designers, architects, etc.—all vying for the customer
experience. By making our perspective small, we’ve made our influence small and
ceded influence over the customer experience to others—mostly, to marketing(which has its own huge issues
holding it back from creating better products and services). Yet, the companies we view with the highest regard (well, OK, the
ones everyone else views as design leaders)—Apple, Nike, Starbucks, Target,
Virgin, Herman Miller, FedEx, Whirlpool, Steelcase, Coca-Cola, Roche,
Interface, LVMH, Decathlon, P&G (Oh, God, not P&G!)—view design
holistically and make fewer distinctions between different traditional aspects
This isn’t, of course, to say that graphic design fundamentals are no longer
important. Quite the contrary: They’re more important than ever, and there’s a
wider audience, market and need for designers of all ilk to understand
typography, color, layout, iconography, cartography and information design along with interaction design, design
research, business and sustainability.
But, continuing to define design as only graphic design
or, worse, only “cool,” beautiful graphic design—mostly in print, but sometimes on screen—is serving no one but those
whose careers it commemorates. It doesn’t serve the future: the many, many
designers who work every day without recognition by competitions or
Aren’t designers (of all sorts) more than just style and
surface? Are we not doing something of more value than styling (as important as
that is, of course)? Why can’t this organization be about substance in addition
to style—and why would that be a threat? Why can’t it celebrate design in all
its forms, and not only the traditional, print-based projects? That is what
AIGA’s membership is asking for, in fact, and not to respond to them would be to put a slow bullet in the head of
an organization that could be more like the venerable UK Design Council and less like a
club of amazing but insular experts who wax nostalgic for a world already
changed and rapidly transforming away from history.
I left AIGA 10 years ago because it was moving too slowly
and couldn’t commit to the design interests I saw as leading the future of the
industry. I’m back today because now it is making that commitment, and I’m
excited to be part of that change.
Nathan Shedroff is the chair of the ground-breaking
MBA in Design Strategy at
California College of the Arts (CCA) in San Francisco, CA. This program prepares the next-generation of innovation leaders for a world that is profitable, sustainable, ethical, and truly meaningful. The program unites the perspectives of systems thinking,
design and integrative thinking, sustainability, and generative leadership into a holistic strategic framework. Students learn to create innovative products, services, and policy, as well as new business models.
He is a pioneer in Experience Design, Interaction Design and Information Design, speaks and teaches internationally, and is a serial entrepreneur. His many books include:
Experience Design 1.1,
Making Meaning, Design is the Problem,
Design Strategy in Action, and the upcoming
Make It So.
He holds an MBA in Sustainable Management from
Presidio Graduate School and a BS in Industrial Design from
Art Center College of Design. He worked with Richard Saul Wurman at TheUnderstandingBusiness and, later, co-founded
vivid studios, a decade-old pioneering company in int
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